Class 9

Our Interactive Learning Programs Guide Students to Excel in Board as well as Competitive Exams

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CBSE Syllabus for Class 9

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MATH

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SCIENCE

The Guide to 9th Grade

Syllabus for CBSE Class

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Mathematics

Number Systems

  • Real Number

Algebra

  • Polynomials
  • Linear Equations in Two Variables

Coordinate Geometry

  • Coordinate Geometry

Geometry

  • Introduction to Euclid’s geometry
  • Lines and Angels
  • Triangles
  • Quadrilaterals
  • Area
  • Circle
  • Constructions

Mensuration

  • Areas
  • Surface area and Volumes

Statistics & Probability

  • Statistics
  • Probability
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Science

Unit I: Matter- Nature and Behaviour

  • Nature of Matter
  • Particle nature,  basic units
  • Structure of atoms

Unit II: Organization in the Living World

  • Cells- Basic Units of Life
  • Tissues, Organs, Organ System, Organism
  • Biological Diversity
  • Health and Diseases

Unit III: Motion, Force and Work

  • Motion
  • Force and Newton’s Laws
  • Gravitation
  • Floatation
  • Work, Energy and Power
  • Sound

Unit IV: Our Environment

  • Physical Resources
  • Bio-geo chemical cycles in nature

Unit V: Food Production

SCIENCE PRACTICALS

1. Preparation of:

a) A true solution of common salt, sugar and alum

b) A suspension of soil, chalk powder and fine sand in water

c) A colloidal solution of starch in water and egg albumin/milk in water and distinguish between these on the basis of

  • Transparency
  • Filtration criterion
  • Stability

2. Preparation of:

a) A mixture

b) A compound using iron filings and sulphur powder and distinguishing between these on the basis of:

  • Appearance, i.e., homogeneity and heterogeneity
  • Behaviour towards a magnet
  • Behaviour towards carbon disulphide as a solvent
  • Effect of heat

3. Separation of the components of a mixture of sand, common salt and ammonium chloride (or camphor).

. Perform the following reactions and classify them as physical or chemical changes:

  • Iron with copper sulphate solution in water
  • Burning of magnesium ribbon in air
  • Zinc with dilute sulphuric acid
  • Heating of copper sulphate crystals
  • Sodium sulphate with barium chloride in the form of their solutions in water

5. Preparation of stained temporary mounts of (a) onion peel, (b) human cheek cells & to record observations and draw their labeled diagrams.

6. Identification of Parenchyma, collenchyma and Sclerenchyma tissues in plants, striped, smooth and cardiac muscle fibers and nerve cells in animals, from prepared slides. Draw their labeled diagrams.

7. Determination of the melting point of ice and the boiling point of water.

8. Verification of the Laws of reflection of sound.

9. Determination of the density of solid (denser than water) by using a spring balance and a measuring cylinder.

10. Establishing the relation between the loss in weight of a solid when fully immersed in

  • Tap water
  • Strongly salty water with the weight of water displaced by it by taking at least two different solids.

11. Determination of the speed of a pulse propagated through a stretched string/slinky(helical spring).

12. Study of the characteristics of Spirogyra, Agaricus, Moss, Fern, Pinus (either with male or female cone) and an Angiospermic plant. Draw and give two identifying features of the groups they belong to.

13. Observe the given pictures/charts/models of earthworm, cockroach, bony fish and bird. For each organism, draw their picture and record:

  • One specific feature of its phylum.
  • One adaptive feature with reference to its habitat.

14. Verification of the law of conservation of mass in a chemical reaction.

15. Study of the external features of root, stem, leaf and flower of monocot and dicot plants.

Exam Pattern and Grading for Class 9

Evaluation of Subjects in Class 9

CBSE Exam Pattern

Students studying in Central Board of Secondary Education are assessed in two areas:

  • Scholastic: In this students are focused on core academic areas. All the main subjects like social science, science, maths and language subjects are taught to them.
  • Co-scholastic: This area includes other activities such as art, sports, yoga, music, craftwork, skill-based activities etc which are essential for the holistic development of a student.

In the case of CBSE class IX assessment, the report card would comprise score for a single year with the periodic test, subject enrichment, notebook and annual examination. The grading scale would be a five-point based one in terms of co-scholastic grading.

Grading Scale for Scholastic Areas

The assessment of scholastic attainments will be reported twice a year. The eight-point grading scale is given below:

  • The minimum qualifying grade in all the subjects under the Scholastic Domain is ‘D’. All assessments shall be done in marks and will be given in grades.
  • The Assessment of Co Scholastic Areas 2(A, B, C & D) and 3(A, B) will be done on a five-point scale (shown in the table below); reported once in class 9 and once in class 10.

Competitive Examinations for Class 9

Competitive exams are like a positive push for students towards their excellence. Below is the list of competitive exams for class 9:

NSO - NATIONAL SCIENCE OLYMPIAD

NSO is a national level science exam conducted by Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF). NSO rankings will be allotted based on the marks obtained. Students of class - I to class - XII are eligible to participate. The study matter followed is based on syllabus as prescribed by CBSE, ICSE or various state boards. NSO is conducted at Level 1 and 2. Level 1 is conducted for all students studying in classes 1 to 12 whereas those students who qualify level 1 exam (from class 3 -12), qualify to sit for the level 2 exam. 

IMO - INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS OLYMPIAD

IMO is a competitive exam conducted to identify and encourage the mathematical creativity of children in schools across India and abroad. Students in class - I to class - XII of recognized schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE and ICSE prescribed curriculum. Top rankers per class are selected and awarded scholarships.

NIMO: National Interactive Maths Olympiad

Eduheal Foundation[EHF] through its flagship programme-National Interactive Maths Olympiad [NIMO], searches for kids who love maths and want to make a career in it. The Exam is open for the students of classes I to XII. It is a Pen Paper OMR based Multiple Choice Question paper based on CBSE, ICSE, State Board syllabus and is conducted in School.

HBBVS–DR.HOMI BABA BAL VAIDYANIK SPARDHA

HBBVS was initiated by Mumbai science teachers association in 1981. The main aim of this exam is to search for science talents in students and to encourage them take interest in science. Only students studying class-VI and class-IX can take up this exam. The exam covers the subjects and topics covered in curriculum up to class VI and class IX. Selection Process involves three stages.
STAGE I: Written test
STAGE II: Practical skill test
FINAL STAGE: Oral test i.e. the interview and submission of action research report.

NSTSE - NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAM

Main focus of NSTSE is encouraging students to reason critically and solve problems. NTSE question papers are scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Students in class - II to class - XII of recognized schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE prescribed curriculum. It involves two levels of selection for awarding scholarship for students.
STAGE I: Selection is done in state or UT based on written exam.
STAGE II: Exam conducted by NCERT at national level.
Every student scoring the required marks is eligible for scholarship program.

MTSE – MATHS TALENT SEARCH EXAM

Maths Talent Search Exam (MTSE) is a competitive exam conducted by Indian Institute for Studies in Mathematics (IISMA). Mental ability, mathematical reasoning, accuracy and speed are the main focus of this examination. Students in class -III to class - IX of recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE and ICSE prescribed curriculum. Top rankers per class are selected and awarded scholarships.

IOS - INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIAD IN SCIENCE

IOS is a science exam held annually in the national and international level. The conducting body for IOS is SSE (Society for Science Education). All Indian Students of class-I to class-XII of recognised schools are eligible. Subjects are more generic and are suitable for CBSE, ICSE and state boards. The selection is done in different stages.
STAGE I: An aptitude type of exam is conducted in school level. And the selected students from each class appear for the second exam.
STAGE II: Students selected in school level appear for state level selection exam.
STAGE III: Students selected in state level appear for national and international level exam.
Toppers are announced based on the stage III performance.

NSEJS- NATIONAL STANDARD EXAM IN JUNIOR SCIENCE

NSEJS is jointly conducted by IAPT (Indian Association of Physics Teachers) and HBCSE (Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Examination). All Indian students of class-I to X are eligible. Subjects are science and generic and suitable for and CBSE and ICSE board students. The selection is first made at the school level. And the qualifying students then are then appeared for the national round.

IIO–INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION OLYMPIAD

IIO is a proficient examination held in computer field. It is conducted by Computer literary foundation every year. Students in class-I to class-XII of recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE, ICSE and State Board prescribed curriculum. The selection is first made at the school level. And the qualifying students then are then appeared for the national and international round.

ASSET–ASSESMENT OF SCHOLASTIC SKILLS THROUGH EDUCATIONAL TESTING

ASSET is an exam conducted by Educational Initiative. Students in class-V to class-VIII of recognised schools are eligible. Rather than testing through multiple-choice questioning, it focuses on measuring how well school students master fundamental concepts. The subjects are based on curriculum prescribed by CBSE, ICSE and State Boards. It is conducted in school level and the toppers are selected and awarded accordingly.

How to prepare for Class 9

Preparation Tips for Class 9

Most of the Olympiad exams are conducted on a similar syllabus that Kids are studying at school. They do not require additional reference books for the preparation of these exams. However, questions asked in these exams are quite different than what kids face in their school. Questions are designed to be trickier and conceptual. So, students’ concepts about every topic should be clear. Different subjects need different types of preparation. 
Here, we have jot down specific tips to excel in exams:

Mathematics:
  • It is impossible to study maths properly by just reading and listening. The more you practice answering maths problems, the better you become in maths.
  • You need to master the key concepts. Do not try to memorise the steps. Maths is a sequential subject so it’s important to have a firm understanding of the key concepts.
  • Try to apply real-world situations when approaching maths. Maths can be very abstract sometimes so looking for a practical application can help change your perspective and understand ideas differently.
  • Try solving questions related to that topic from the NCERT Book. For more practice, you can also refer to the other books such as RD Sharma but firstly solve the exercise questions of the NCERT textbook which are very conceptual and help you build a strong foundation.
Science:
  • In science, conceptual and formula-based questions are mostly asked in the exam. So, students must be thorough with all the important formulas and it should be in their fingertips.
  • Science is the subject of diagrams and explanations. Therefore, practice neat and properly labeled diagrams. And during the explanation, write down points to explain each and every labeled part.
  • Make notes in points which make it easier to learn the topic at the time of revision.
  • Create a separate list of important formulae and laws.
  • Prepare flow charts at the end of every topic.

Study Material for Class 9

Mathematics
  • Mathematics Text Book for Class 9 (NCERT PUBLICATION)
  • Mathematics for Class 9, by R.S. Aggarwal
  • Mathematics for Class 9, by R.D. Sharma
  • Mathematics Exemplar Problem Class 9 By NCERT
  • Guidelines for Mathematics Laboratory in Schools, Class 9 - CBSE Publication
  • A Handbook for Designing Mathematics Laboratory in Schools - NCERT Publication
Science
  • Science Text Book for Class 9 (NCERT PUBLICATION)
  • Science Exemplar Problem Class 9 by NCERT
  • Science for Ninth Class Part – 1 Physics – Lakhmir Singh and Manjit kaur
  • Science for Ninth Class Part – 2 chemistry – Lakhmir Singh and Manjit kaur
  • Science for Ninth Class Part – 3 Biology – S.Chand
  • Assessment of Practical Skills in Science - Class 9 - CBSE Publication
  • Laboratory Manual - Science - Class 9 - NCERT Publication

Attempt Previous Years’ Papers

Attempting past year papers helps the students to understand the exam pattern and it also enhances their speed, accuracy, and time management skills. Students must try to solve as many previous years question papers, it helps you get to know which question has been asked how many times, along with the marks allotted to that particular question. Moreover, you also get an idea about various ways in which a same question can be asked. It also gives an idea about the required minimum length of the answer.

The Guide to 9th Grades

Competitive exams are like a positive push for students towards their excellence. Below is the list of competitive exams for class 9:

NSO - NATIONAL SCIENCE OLYMPIAD

NSO is a national level science exam conducted by Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF). NSO rankings will be allotted based on the marks obtained. Students of class - I to class - XII are eligible to participate. The study matter followed is based on syllabus as prescribed by CBSE, ICSE or various state boards. NSO is conducted at Level 1 and 2. Level 1 is conducted for all students studying in classes 1 to 12 whereas those students who qualify level 1 exam (from class 3 -12), qualify to sit for the level 2 exam. 

IMO - INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS OLYMPIAD

IMO is a competitive exam conducted to identify and encourage the mathematical creativity of children in schools across India and abroad. Students in class - I to class - XII of recognized schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE and ICSE prescribed curriculum. Top rankers per class are selected and awarded scholarships.

NIMO: National Interactive Maths Olympiad

Eduheal Foundation[EHF] through its flagship programme-National Interactive Maths Olympiad [NIMO], searches for kids who love maths and want to make a career in it. The Exam is open for the students of classes I to XII. It is a Pen Paper OMR based Multiple Choice Question paper based on CBSE, ICSE, State Board syllabus and is conducted in School.

HBBVS–DR.HOMI BABA BAL VAIDYANIK SPARDHA

HBBVS was initiated by Mumbai science teachers association in 1981. The main aim of this exam is to search for science talents in students and to encourage them take interest in science. Only students studying class-VI and class-IX can take up this exam. The exam covers the subjects and topics covered in curriculum up to class VI and class IX. Selection Process involves three stages.
STAGE I: Written test
STAGE II: Practical skill test
FINAL STAGE: Oral test i.e. the interview and submission of action research report.

NSTSE - NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAM

Main focus of NSTSE is encouraging students to reason critically and solve problems. NTSE question papers are scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Students in class - II to class - XII of recognized schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE prescribed curriculum. It involves two levels of selection for awarding scholarship for students.
STAGE I: Selection is done in state or UT based on written exam.
STAGE II: Exam conducted by NCERT at national level.
Every student scoring the required marks is eligible for scholarship program.

MTSE – MATHS TALENT SEARCH EXAM

Maths Talent Search Exam (MTSE) is a competitive exam conducted by Indian Institute for Studies in Mathematics (IISMA). Mental ability, mathematical reasoning, accuracy and speed are the main focus of this examination. Students in class -III to class - IX of recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE and ICSE prescribed curriculum. Top rankers per class are selected and awarded scholarships.

IOS - INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIAD IN SCIENCE

IOS is a science exam held annually in the national and international level. The conducting body for IOS is SSE (Society for Science Education). All Indian Students of class-I to class-XII of recognised schools are eligible. Subjects are more generic and are suitable for CBSE, ICSE and state boards. The selection is done in different stages.
STAGE I: An aptitude type of exam is conducted in school level. And the selected students from each class appear for the second exam.
STAGE II: Students selected in school level appear for state level selection exam.
STAGE III: Students selected in state level appear for national and international level exam.
Toppers are announced based on the stage III performance.

NSEJS- NATIONAL STANDARD EXAM IN JUNIOR SCIENCE

NSEJS is jointly conducted by IAPT (Indian Association of Physics Teachers) and HBCSE (Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Examination). All Indian students of class-I to X are eligible. Subjects are science and generic and suitable for and CBSE and ICSE board students. The selection is first made at the school level. And the qualifying students then are then appeared for the national round.

IIO–INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION OLYMPIAD

IIO is a proficient examination held in computer field. It is conducted by Computer literary foundation every year. Students in class-I to class-XII of recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE, ICSE and State Board prescribed curriculum. The selection is first made at the school level. And the qualifying students then are then appeared for the national and international round.

ASSET–ASSESMENT OF SCHOLASTIC SKILLS THROUGH EDUCATIONAL TESTING

ASSET is an exam conducted by Educational Initiative. Students in class-V to class-VIII of recognised schools are eligible. Rather than testing through multiple-choice questioning, it focuses on measuring how well school students master fundamental concepts. The subjects are based on curriculum prescribed by CBSE, ICSE and State Boards. It is conducted in school level and the toppers are selected and awarded accordingly.

Preparation Tips for Class 9

Most of the Olympiad exams are conducted on a similar syllabus that Kids are studying at school. They do not require additional reference books for the preparation of these exams. However, questions asked in these exams are quite different than what kids face in their school. Questions are designed to be trickier and conceptual. So, students’ concepts about every topic should be clear. Different subjects need different types of preparation. 
Here, we have jot down specific tips to excel in exams:

Mathematics:
  • It is impossible to study maths properly by just reading and listening. The more you practice answering maths problems, the better you become in maths.
  • You need to master the key concepts. Do not try to memorise the steps. Maths is a sequential subject so it’s important to have a firm understanding of the key concepts.
  • Try to apply real-world situations when approaching maths. Maths can be very abstract sometimes so looking for a practical application can help change your perspective and understand ideas differently.
  • Try solving questions related to that topic from the NCERT Book. For more practice, you can also refer to the other books such as RD Sharma but firstly solve the exercise questions of the NCERT textbook which are very conceptual and help you build a strong foundation.
Science:
  • In science, conceptual and formula-based questions are mostly asked in the exam. So, students must be thorough with all the important formulas and it should be in their fingertips.
  • Science is the subject of diagrams and explanations. Therefore, practice neat and properly labeled diagrams. And during the explanation, write down points to explain each and every labeled part.
  • Make notes in points which make it easier to learn the topic at the time of revision.
  • Create a separate list of important formulae and laws.
  • Prepare flow charts at the end of every topic.

Study Material for Class 9

Mathematics
  • Mathematics Text Book for Class 9 (NCERT PUBLICATION)
  • Mathematics for Class 9, by R.S. Aggarwal
  • Mathematics for Class 9, by R.D. Sharma
  • Mathematics Exemplar Problem Class 9 By NCERT
  • Guidelines for Mathematics Laboratory in Schools, Class 9 - CBSE Publication
  • A Handbook for Designing Mathematics Laboratory in Schools - NCERT Publication
Science
  • Science Text Book for Class 9 (NCERT PUBLICATION)
  • Science Exemplar Problem Class 9 by NCERT
  • Science for Ninth Class Part – 1 Physics – Lakhmir Singh and Manjit kaur
  • Science for Ninth Class Part – 2 chemistry – Lakhmir Singh and Manjit kaur
  • Science for Ninth Class Part – 3 Biology – S.Chand
  • Assessment of Practical Skills in Science - Class 9 - CBSE Publication
  • Laboratory Manual - Science - Class 9 - NCERT Publication

Attempt Previous Years’ Papers

Attempting past year papers helps the students to understand the exam pattern and it also enhances their speed, accuracy, and time management skills. Students must try to solve as many previous years question papers, it helps you get to know which question has been asked how many times, along with the marks allotted to that particular question. Moreover, you also get an idea about various ways in which a same question can be asked. It also gives an idea about the required minimum length of the answer.

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