Class 7

Our Interactive Learning Programs Guide Students to Excel in Board as well as Competitive Exams

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CBSE Syllabus for Class 7

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MATH

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SCIENCE

The Guide to 7th Grade

Syllabus for CBSE Class

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Mathematics

Chapter 1: Integers

  • Introduction
  • Recall
  • Properties of Addition and Subtraction of Integers
  • Multiplication of Integers
  • Properties of Multiplication of IntegersDivision of Integers
  • Division of Integers
  • Properties of Division of Integers

Chapter 2: Fractions and Decimals

  • Introduction
  • How Well Have You Learnt About Fractions?
  • Multiplication of Fractions
  • Division of Fractions
  • How Well Have You Learnt About Decimal Numbers
  • Multiplication of Decimal Numbers
  • Division of Decimal Numbers

Chapter 3: Data Handling

  • Introduction
  • Collecting Data
  • Organisation of Data
  • Representative Values
  • Arithmetic Mean
  • Mode
  • Median
  • Use of Bar Graphs with A Different Purpose
  • Chance and Probability

Chapter 4: Simple Equations

  • A Mind-Reading Game!
  • Setting Up of an Equation
  • Review of What We Know
  • What Equation Is?
  • More Equations
  • From Solution to Equation
  • Applications of Simple Equations to Practical Situations

Chapter 5: Lines and Angles

  • Introduction
  • Related Angles
  • Pairs of Lines
  • Checking for Parallel Lines

Chapter 6: Triangles and its Properties

  • Introduction
  • Medians of a Triangle
  • Altitudes of a Triangle
  • Exterior Angle of a Triangle and Its Property
  • Angle Sum Property of a Triangle
  • Two Special Triangles: Equilateral and Isosceles
  • Sum of the Lengths of Two Sides of a Triangle
  • Right-Angled Triangles and Pythagoras Property

Chapter 7: Congruence of Triangles 

  • Introduction
  • Congruence of Plane Figures
  • Congruence among Line Segments
  • Congruence of Angles
  • Congruence of Triangles
  • Criteria for Congruence of Triangles
  • Congruence among Right-Angled Triangles

Chapter 8: Comparing Quantities

  • Introduction
  • Equivalent Ratios
  • Percentage – Another Way of Comparing Quantities
  • Use of Percentages
  • Prices Related to an Item or Buying and Selling
  • Charge Given on Borrowed Money or Simple Interest

Chapter 9: Rational Numbers 

  • Introduction
  • Need for Rational Numbers
  • What Are Rational Numbers?
  • Positive and Negative Rational Numbers
  • Rational Numbers on a Number Line
  • Rational Numbers in Standard Form
  • Comparison of Rational Numbers
  • Rational Numbers between Two Rational Numbers
  • Operations on Rational Numbers

Chapter 10: Practical Geometry

  • Introduction
  • Construction of A Line Parallel To A Given Line, Through A Point Not On The Line
  • Construction of Triangles
  • Constructing A Triangle When the Lengths of Its Three Sides Are Known (SSS Criterion)
  • Constructing A Triangle When the Lengths of Two Sides and The Measure of The Angle Between Them Are Known. (SAS Criterion)
  • Constructing A Triangle When the Measures of Two of Its Angles and The Length of The Side Included Between Them Is Given. (ASA Criterion)
  • Constructing A Right-Angled Triangle When the Length of One Leg and Its Hypotenuse Are Given (RHS Criterion). 

Chapter 11: Perimeter and Area 

  • Introduction
  • Squares and Rectangles
  • Area of a Parallelogram
  • Area of a Triangle
  • Circles
  • Conversion of Units
  • Applications.

Chapter 12: Algebraic Expressions 

  • Introduction
  • How Are Expressions Formed?
  • Terms of an Expression
  • Like and Unlike Terms
  • Monomials, Binomials, Trinomials and Polynomials
  • Addition and Subtraction of Algebraic Expressions
  • Finding the Value of an Expression
  • Using Algebraic Expressions – Formulas and Rules.

Chapter 13: Exponents and Powers

  • Introduction
  • Exponents
  • Laws of Exponents
  • Miscellaneous Examples Using the Laws of Exponents
  • Decimal Number System
  • Expressing Large Numbers in The Standard Form.

Chapter 14: Symmetry

  • Introduction
  • Lines of Symmetry for Regular Polygons
  • Rotational Symmetry
  • Line Symmetry and Rotational Symmetry.

Chapter 15: Visualising Solid Shapes 

  • Introduction: Plane Figures and Solid Shapes
  • Faces, Edges and Vertices
  • Nets for Building 3-D Shapes
  • Drawing Solids on a Flat Surface
  • Viewing Different Sections of a Solid
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Science

  • Nutrition in Plants
  • Nutrition in Animals
  •  Fibre to Fabric
  • Heat
  • Acids, Bases and Salts
  •  Physical and Chemical Changes
  • Weather, Climate and Adaptations of Animals of Climate
  •  Winds, Storms and Cyclones
  • Soil
  • Respiration in Organisms
  • Transportation in Animals and Plants
  •  Reproduction in Plants
  • Motion and Time
  • Electric Current and its Effects
  • Light
  • Water: A Precious Resource
  • Forests: Our Lifeline
  • Wastewater Story

Exam Pattern and Grading for Class 7

Evaluation of Subjects in Class 7

CBSE Exam Pattern

Students studying in Central Board of Secondary Education are assessed in two areas:

  • Scholastic: In this students are focused on core academic areas. All the main subjects like social science, science, maths and language subjects are taught to them.
  • Co-scholastic: This area includes other activities such as art, sports, yoga, music, craftwork, skill-based activities etc which are essential for the holistic development of a student.

The academic year of the Scholastic areas is divided into two terms which are Term 1 and Term 2 and two types of tests which are Formative Assessment and Summative Assessment are conducted to evaluate the academic subjects.

  • Formative Assessment:  In the primary classes, the formative assessment (FA) tests are in the form of oral tests, dictation, homework, class test, projects & assignments, storytelling, elocution, memory test, quiz, etc.
  • Summative Assessment:  Here students are tested internally. The Summative Assessment (SA) is conducted at the end of each term i.e two times each year. The tests are conducted by the school in pen and paper mode.

CBSE Grading System

The exam structure for Class 6 to 8 consists of Term 1 and Term 2. The detailed exam structure for the two terms is described in the tables below.

Grading Scale for Scholastic Areas

The assessment of scholastic attainments will be reported twice a year. The eight-point grading scale is given below:

Competitive Examinations for Class 7

Competitive exams are like a positive push for students towards their excellence. Below is the list of competitive exams for class 7:

NSO - NATIONAL SCIENCE OLYMPIAD

NSO is a national level science exam conducted by Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF). NSO rankings will be allotted based on the marks obtained. Students of class - I to class - XII are eligible to participate. The study matter followed is based on syllabus as prescribed by CBSE, ICSE or various state boards. NSO is conducted at Level 1 and 2. Level 1 is conducted for all students studying in classes 1 to 12 whereas those students who qualify level 1 exam (from class 3-12), qualify to sit for the level 2 exam. 

IMO - INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS OLYMPIAD

IMO is a competitive exam conducted to identify and encourage the mathematical creativity of children in schools across India and abroad. Students in class - I to class - XII of recognized schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE and ICSE prescribed curriculum. Top rankers per class are selected and awarded scholarships.

NIMO: National Interactive Maths Olympiad

Eduheal Foundation[EHF] through its flagship programme-National Interactive Maths Olympiad [NIMO], searches for kids who love maths and want to make a career in it. The Exam is open for the students of classes I to XII. It is a Pen Paper OMR based Multiple Choice Question paper based on CBSE, ICSE, State Board syllabus and is conducted in School.

NSTSE - NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAM

Main focus of NSTSE is encouraging students to reason critically and solve problems. NTSE question papers are scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Students in class - II to class - XII of recognized schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE prescribed curriculum. It involves two levels of selection for awarding scholarship for students.
STAGE I: Selection is done in state or UT based on written exam.
STAGE II: Exam conducted by NCERT at national level.
Every student scoring the required marks is eligible for scholarship program.

MTSE – MATHS TALENT SEARCH EXAM

Maths Talent Search Exam (MTSE) is a competitive exam conducted by Indian Institute for Studies in Mathematics (IISMA). Mental ability, mathematical reasoning, accuracy and speed are the main focus of this examination. Students in class -III to class - IX of recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE and ICSE prescribed curriculum. Top rankers per class are selected and awarded scholarships.

IOS - INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIAD IN SCIENCE

IOS is a science exam held annually in the national and international level. The conducting body for IOS is SSE (Society for Science Education). All Indian Students of class-I to class-XII of recognised schools are eligible. Subjects are more generic and are suitable for CBSE, ICSE and state boards. The selection is done in different stages.
STAGE I: An aptitude type of exam is conducted in school level. And the selected students from each class appear for the second exam.
STAGE II: Students selected in school level appear for state level selection exam.
STAGE III: Students selected in state level appear for national and international level exam.
Toppers are announced based on the stage III performance.

NSEJS- NATIONAL STANDARD EXAM IN JUNIOR SCIENCE

NSEJS is jointly conducted by IAPT (Indian Association of Physics Teachers) and HBCSE (Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Examination). All Indian students of class-I to X are eligible. Subjects are science and generic and suitable for and CBSE and ICSE board students. The selection is first made at the school level. And the qualifying students then are then appeared for the national round.

IIO–INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION OLYMPIAD

IIO is a proficient examination held in computer field. It is conducted by Computer literary foundation every year. Students in class-I to class-XII of recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE, ICSE and State Board prescribed curriculum. The selection is first made at the school level. And the qualifying students then are then appeared for the national and international round.

ASSET–ASSESMENT OF SCHOLASTIC SKILLS THROUGH EDUCATIONAL TESTING

ASSET is an exam conducted by Educational Initiative. Students in class-V to class-VIII of recognised schools are eligible. Rather than testing through multiple-choice questioning, it focuses on measuring how well school students master fundamental concepts. The subjects are based on curriculum prescribed by CBSE, ICSE and State Boards. It is conducted in school level and the toppers are selected and awarded accordingly.

How to prepare for Class 7

Preparation Tips for Class 7

Most of the Olympiad exams are conducted on a similar syllabus that Kids are studying at school. They do not require additional reference books for the preparation of these exams. However, questions asked in these exams are quite different than what kids face in their school. Questions are designed to be trickier and conceptual. So, students’ concepts about every topic should be clear. Different subjects need different types of preparation. 
Here, we have jot down specific tips to excel in exams:

Mathematics:
  • It is impossible to study maths properly by just reading and listening. The more you practice answering maths problems, the better you become in maths.
  • You need to master the key concepts. Do not try to memorise the steps. Maths is a sequential subject so it’s important to have a firm understanding of the key concepts.
  • Try to apply real-world situations when approaching maths. Maths can be very abstract sometimes so looking for a practical application can help change your perspective and understand ideas differently.
  • Try solving questions related to that topic from the NCERT Book. For more practice, you can also refer to the other books such as RD Sharma but firstly solve the exercise questions of the NCERT textbook which are very conceptual and help you build a strong foundation.
Science:
  • In science, conceptual and formula-based questions are mostly asked in the exam. So, students must be thorough with all the important formulas and it should be in their fingertips.
  • Science is the subject of diagrams and explanations. Therefore, practice neat and properly labeled diagrams. And during the explanation, write down points to explain each and every labeled part.
  • Make notes in points which make it easier to learn the topic at the time of revision.
  • Create a separate list of important formulae and laws.
  • Prepare flow charts at the end of every topic.

Study Material for Class 7

Mathematics
  • Mathematics Text Book for Class 7 (NCERT PUBLICATION)
  • Mathematics for Class 7, by R.S. Aggarwal
  • Mathematics for Class 7, by R.D. Sharma
  • Mathematics Exemplar Problem Class 7 By NCERT
  • Mathematics Exemplar Problem Class 7 By NCERT
  • Mathematics Foundation Course For JEE/IMO/Olympiad - Class 7
Science
  • Science Text Book for Class 7 (NCERT PUBLICATION)
  • Science Exemplar Problem Class 7 by NCERT
  • Living Science Class 7 by Ratna Sagar
  • Basic Science for Class 7 by Bharti Bhawan

Attempt Previous Years’ Papers

Attempting past year papers helps the students to understand the exam pattern and it also enhances their speed, accuracy, and time management skills. Students must try to solve as many previous years question papers, it helps you get to know which question has been asked how many times, along with the marks allotted to that particular question. Moreover, you also get an idea about various ways in which a same question can be asked. It also gives an idea about the required minimum length of the answer.

The Guide to 7th Grades

Competitive exams are like a positive push for students towards their excellence. Below is the list of competitive exams for class 7:

NSO - NATIONAL SCIENCE OLYMPIAD

NSO is a national level science exam conducted by Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF). NSO rankings will be allotted based on the marks obtained. Students of class - I to class - XII are eligible to participate. The study matter followed is based on syllabus as prescribed by CBSE, ICSE or various state boards. NSO is conducted at Level 1 and 2. Level 1 is conducted for all students studying in classes 1 to 12 whereas those students who qualify level 1 exam (from class 3-12), qualify to sit for the level 2 exam. 

IMO - INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS OLYMPIAD

IMO is a competitive exam conducted to identify and encourage the mathematical creativity of children in schools across India and abroad. Students in class - I to class - XII of recognized schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE and ICSE prescribed curriculum. Top rankers per class are selected and awarded scholarships.

NIMO: National Interactive Maths Olympiad

Eduheal Foundation[EHF] through its flagship programme-National Interactive Maths Olympiad [NIMO], searches for kids who love maths and want to make a career in it. The Exam is open for the students of classes I to XII. It is a Pen Paper OMR based Multiple Choice Question paper based on CBSE, ICSE, State Board syllabus and is conducted in School.

NSTSE - NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAM

Main focus of NSTSE is encouraging students to reason critically and solve problems. NTSE question papers are scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Students in class - II to class - XII of recognized schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE prescribed curriculum. It involves two levels of selection for awarding scholarship for students.
STAGE I: Selection is done in state or UT based on written exam.
STAGE II: Exam conducted by NCERT at national level.
Every student scoring the required marks is eligible for scholarship program.

MTSE – MATHS TALENT SEARCH EXAM

Maths Talent Search Exam (MTSE) is a competitive exam conducted by Indian Institute for Studies in Mathematics (IISMA). Mental ability, mathematical reasoning, accuracy and speed are the main focus of this examination. Students in class -III to class - IX of recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE and ICSE prescribed curriculum. Top rankers per class are selected and awarded scholarships.

IOS - INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIAD IN SCIENCE

IOS is a science exam held annually in the national and international level. The conducting body for IOS is SSE (Society for Science Education). All Indian Students of class-I to class-XII of recognised schools are eligible. Subjects are more generic and are suitable for CBSE, ICSE and state boards. The selection is done in different stages.
STAGE I: An aptitude type of exam is conducted in school level. And the selected students from each class appear for the second exam.
STAGE II: Students selected in school level appear for state level selection exam.
STAGE III: Students selected in state level appear for national and international level exam.
Toppers are announced based on the stage III performance.

NSEJS- NATIONAL STANDARD EXAM IN JUNIOR SCIENCE

NSEJS is jointly conducted by IAPT (Indian Association of Physics Teachers) and HBCSE (Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Examination). All Indian students of class-I to X are eligible. Subjects are science and generic and suitable for and CBSE and ICSE board students. The selection is first made at the school level. And the qualifying students then are then appeared for the national round.

IIO–INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION OLYMPIAD

IIO is a proficient examination held in computer field. It is conducted by Computer literary foundation every year. Students in class-I to class-XII of recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE, ICSE and State Board prescribed curriculum. The selection is first made at the school level. And the qualifying students then are then appeared for the national and international round.

ASSET–ASSESMENT OF SCHOLASTIC SKILLS THROUGH EDUCATIONAL TESTING

ASSET is an exam conducted by Educational Initiative. Students in class-V to class-VIII of recognised schools are eligible. Rather than testing through multiple-choice questioning, it focuses on measuring how well school students master fundamental concepts. The subjects are based on curriculum prescribed by CBSE, ICSE and State Boards. It is conducted in school level and the toppers are selected and awarded accordingly.

Preparation Tips for Class 7

Most of the Olympiad exams are conducted on a similar syllabus that Kids are studying at school. They do not require additional reference books for the preparation of these exams. However, questions asked in these exams are quite different than what kids face in their school. Questions are designed to be trickier and conceptual. So, students’ concepts about every topic should be clear. Different subjects need different types of preparation. 
Here, we have jot down specific tips to excel in exams:

Mathematics:
  • It is impossible to study maths properly by just reading and listening. The more you practice answering maths problems, the better you become in maths.
  • You need to master the key concepts. Do not try to memorise the steps. Maths is a sequential subject so it’s important to have a firm understanding of the key concepts.
  • Try to apply real-world situations when approaching maths. Maths can be very abstract sometimes so looking for a practical application can help change your perspective and understand ideas differently.
  • Try solving questions related to that topic from the NCERT Book. For more practice, you can also refer to the other books such as RD Sharma but firstly solve the exercise questions of the NCERT textbook which are very conceptual and help you build a strong foundation.
Science:
  • In science, conceptual and formula-based questions are mostly asked in the exam. So, students must be thorough with all the important formulas and it should be in their fingertips.
  • Science is the subject of diagrams and explanations. Therefore, practice neat and properly labeled diagrams. And during the explanation, write down points to explain each and every labeled part.
  • Make notes in points which make it easier to learn the topic at the time of revision.
  • Create a separate list of important formulae and laws.
  • Prepare flow charts at the end of every topic.

Study Material for Class 7

Mathematics
  • Mathematics Text Book for Class 7 (NCERT PUBLICATION)
  • Mathematics for Class 7, by R.S. Aggarwal
  • Mathematics for Class 7, by R.D. Sharma
  • Mathematics Exemplar Problem Class 7 By NCERT
  • Mathematics Exemplar Problem Class 7 By NCERT
  • Mathematics Foundation Course For JEE/IMO/Olympiad - Class 7
Science
  • Science Text Book for Class 7 (NCERT PUBLICATION)
  • Science Exemplar Problem Class 7 by NCERT
  • Living Science Class 7 by Ratna Sagar
  • Basic Science for Class 7 by Bharti Bhawan

Attempt Previous Years’ Papers

Attempting past year papers helps the students to understand the exam pattern and it also enhances their speed, accuracy, and time management skills. Students must try to solve as many previous years question papers, it helps you get to know which question has been asked how many times, along with the marks allotted to that particular question. Moreover, you also get an idea about various ways in which a same question can be asked. It also gives an idea about the required minimum length of the answer.

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