Class 6

Our Interactive Learning Programs Guide Students to Excel in Board as well as Competitive Exams

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CBSE Syllabus for Class 6

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MATH

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SCIENCE

The Guide to 6th Grade

Syllabus for CBSE Class

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Mathematics

Chapter 1: Knowing Our Numbers

  • Introduction
  • Comparing Numbers
  • Large Numbers in Practice
  • Using Brackets
  • Roman Numerals

Chapter 2: Whole Numbers

  • Introduction
  • Whole Numbers
  • The Number Line
  • Properties Of Whole Numbers
  • Patterns in Whole Numbers

Chapter 3: Playing With Numbers

  • Introduction
  • Factors and Multiples
  • Prime and Composite Numbers
  • Test For Divisibility Of Numbers
  • Common Factors and Common Multiples
  • Some More Divisibility Rules
  • Prime Factorisation
  • Highest Common Factor
  • Lowest Common Multiple
  • Some Problems on HCF and LCM

Chapter 4: Basic Geometrical Ideas

  • Introduction
  • Points
  • A Line Segment
  • A line
  • Intersecting Lines
  • Parallel Lines
  • Ray
  • Curves
  • Polygons
  • Angles
  • Triangles
  • Quadrilaterals
  • Circles

Chapter 5: Understanding Elementary Shapes

  • Introduction
  • Measuring Line Segments
  • Angles-’Right’ and ‘Straight’
  • Angles- ‘Acute’, ‘Obtuse’ and ‘Reflex’
  • Measuring Angles
  • Perpendicular Lines
  • Classification of Triangles
  • Quadrilaterals
  • Polygons
  • Three Dimensional Shapes

Chapter 6: Integers

  • Introduction
  • Integers
  • Addition of Integers
  • Subtraction of Integers with the help of a Number Line
  • Chapter 7: Fractions

  • Introduction
  • A Fraction
  • Fraction on the Number Line
  • Proper Fractions
  • Improper and Mixed Fractions
  • Equivalent Fractions
  • Simplest Form of a Fraction
  • Like Fractions
  • Comparing Fractions
  • Addition and Subtraction of Fractions

Chapter 8: Decimals

  • Introduction
  • Tenths
  • Hundredths
  • Comparing Decimals
  • Using Decimals
  • Addition of Numbers with Decimals
  • Subtraction of Decimals

Chapter 9: Data Handling

  • IntroductionRecording Data
  • Recording Data
  • Organisation of Data
  • Pictograph
  • Interpretation of a Pictograph
  • Drawing a Pictograph
  • A Bar Graph

Chapter 10: Mensuration

  • Introduction
  • Perimeter
  • Area

Chapter 11: Algebra

  • Introduction
  • Matchstick Patterns
  • The Idea Of  A Variable
  • More Matchstick Patterns
  • More Examples of Variables
  • Use Of Variables in Common Rules
  • Expressions with Variables
  • Using Expressions Practically
  • What is an Equation?
  • Solution of an Equation

Chapter 12: Ratio and Proportion

  • Introduction
  • Ratio
  • Proportion
  • Unitary Method

Chapter 13: Symmetry

  • Introduction
  • Making Symmetric Figures : Ink-blot Devils
  • Figures with Two Lines of Symmetry
  • Figures with Multiple Lines of Symmetry
  • Reflection and Symmetry

Chapter 14: Practical Geometry

  • Introduction
  • The Circle
  • A Line Segment
  • Perpendiculars
  • Angles
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Science

  • Food: Where Does it Come from?
  • Components of Food
  •  Fibre to Fabric
  • Sorting Materials into Groups
  • Separation of Substances
  •  Changes Around Us
  • Getting to know Plants
  •  Body Movements
  • The Living Organisms and their Surrounding
  • Motion and Measurement of Distances
  •  Light, Shadows and Reflections
  • Electricity and Circuits
  • Fun with Magnets
  • Water
  • Air Around Us
  • Garbage In, Garbage Out

Exam Pattern and Grading for Class 6

Evaluation of Subjects in Class 6

CBSE Exam Pattern

Students studying in Central Board of Secondary Education are assessed in two areas:

  • Scholastic: In this students are focused on core academic areas. All the main subjects like social science, science, maths and language subjects are taught to them.
  • Co-scholastic: This area includes other activities such as art, sports, yoga, music, craftwork, skill-based activities etc which are essential for the holistic development of a student.

The academic year of the Scholastic areas is divided into two terms which are Term 1 and Term 2 and two types of tests which are Formative Assessment and Summative Assessment are conducted to evaluate the academic subjects.

  • Formative Assessment:  In the primary classes, the formative assessment (FA) tests are in the form of oral tests, dictation, homework, class test, projects & assignments, storytelling, elocution, memory test, quiz, etc.
  • Summative Assessment:  Here students are tested internally. The Summative Assessment (SA) is conducted at the end of each term i.e two times each year. The tests are conducted by the school in pen and paper mode.

CBSE Grading System

The exam structure for Class 6 to 8 consists of Term 1 and Term 2. The detailed exam structure for the two terms is described in the tables below.

Grading Scale for Scholastic Areas

The assessment of scholastic attainments will be reported twice a year. The eight-point grading scale is given below:

Competitive Examinations for Class 6

Competitive exams are like a positive push for students towards their excellence. Below is the list of competitive exams for class 6:

NSO - NATIONAL SCIENCE OLYMPIAD

NSO is a national level science exam conducted by Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF). NSO rankings will be allotted based on the marks obtained. Students of class - I to class - XII are eligible to participate. The study matter followed is based on syllabus as prescribed by CBSE, ICSE or various state boards. NSO is conducted at Level 1 and 2. Level 1 is conducted for all students studying in classes 1 to 12 whereas those students who qualify level 1 exam (from class 3 -12), qualify to sit for the level 2 exam. 

IMO - INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS OLYMPIAD

IMO is a competitive exam conducted to identify and encourage the mathematical creativity of children in schools across India and abroad. Students in class - I to class - XII of recognized schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE and ICSE prescribed curriculum. Top rankers per class are selected and awarded scholarships.

NIMO: National Interactive Maths Olympiad

Eduheal Foundation[EHF] through its flagship programme-National Interactive Maths Olympiad [NIMO], searches for kids who love maths and want to make a career in it. The Exam is open for the students of classes I to XII. It is a Pen Paper OMR based Multiple Choice Question paper based on CBSE, ICSE, State Board syllabus and is conducted in School.

HBBVS–DR.HOMI BABA BAL VAIDYANIK SPARDHA

HBBVS was initiated by Mumbai science teachers association in 1981. The main aim of this exam is to search for science talents in students and to encourage them take interest in science. Only students studying class-VI and class-IX can take up this exam. The exam covers the subjects and topics covered in curriculum up to class VI and class IX. Selection Process involves three stages.
STAGE I: Written test
STAGE II: Practical skill test
FINAL STAGE: Oral test i.e. the interview and submission of action research report.

NSTSE - NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAM

Main focus of NSTSE is encouraging students to reason critically and solve problems. NTSE question papers are scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Students in class - II to class - XII of recognized schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE prescribed curriculum. It involves two levels of selection for awarding scholarship for students.
STAGE I: Selection is done in state or UT based on written exam.
STAGE II: Exam conducted by NCERT at national level.
Every student scoring the required marks is eligible for scholarship program.

MTSE – MATHS TALENT SEARCH EXAM

Maths Talent Search Exam (MTSE) is a competitive exam conducted by Indian Institute for Studies in Mathematics (IISMA). Mental ability, mathematical reasoning, accuracy and speed are the main focus of this examination. Students in class -III to class - IX of recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE and ICSE prescribed curriculum. Top rankers per class are selected and awarded scholarships.

IOS - INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIAD IN SCIENCE

IOS is a science exam held annually in the national and international level. The conducting body for IOS is SSE (Society for Science Education). All Indian Students of class-I to class-XII of recognised schools are eligible. Subjects are more generic and are suitable for CBSE, ICSE and state boards. The selection is done in different stages.
STAGE I: An aptitude type of exam is conducted in school level. And the selected students from each class appear for the second exam.
STAGE II: Students selected in school level appear for state level selection exam.
STAGE III: Students selected in state level appear for national and international level exam.
Toppers are announced based on the stage III performance.

NSEJS- NATIONAL STANDARD EXAM IN JUNIOR SCIENCE

NSEJS is jointly conducted by IAPT (Indian Association of Physics Teachers) and HBCSE (Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Examination). All Indian students of class-I to X are eligible. Subjects are science and generic and suitable for and CBSE and ICSE board students. The selection is first made at the school level. And the qualifying students then are then appeared for the national round.

IIO–INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION OLYMPIAD

IIO is a proficient examination held in computer field. It is conducted by Computer literary foundation every year. Students in class-I to class-XII of recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE, ICSE and State Board prescribed curriculum. The selection is first made at the school level. And the qualifying students then are then appeared for the national and international round.

ASSET–ASSESMENT OF SCHOLASTIC SKILLS THROUGH EDUCATIONAL TESTING

ASSET is an exam conducted by Educational Initiative. Students in class-V to class-VIII of recognised schools are eligible. Rather than testing through multiple-choice questioning, it focuses on measuring how well school students master fundamental concepts. The subjects are based on curriculum prescribed by CBSE, ICSE and State Boards. It is conducted in school level and the toppers are selected and awarded accordingly.

How to prepare for Class 6

Preparation Tips for Class 6

Most of the Olympiad exams are conducted on a similar syllabus that Kids are studying at school. They do not require additional reference books for the preparation of these exams. However, questions asked in these exams are quite different than what kids face in their school. Questions are designed to be trickier and conceptual. So, students’ concepts about every topic should be clear. Different subjects need different types of preparation. 
Here, we have jot down specific tips to excel in exams:

Mathematics:
  • It is impossible to study maths properly by just reading and listening. The more you practice answering maths problems, the better you become in maths.
  • You need to master the key concepts. Do not try to memorise the steps. Maths is a sequential subject so it’s important to have a firm understanding of the key concepts.
  • Try to apply real-world situations when approaching maths. Maths can be very abstract sometimes so looking for a practical application can help change your perspective and understand ideas differently.
  • Try solving questions related to that topic from the NCERT Book. For more practice, you can also refer to the other books such as RD Sharma but firstly solve the exercise questions of the NCERT textbook which are very conceptual and help you build a strong foundation.
Science:
  • In science, conceptual and formula-based questions are mostly asked in the exam. So, students must be thorough with all the important formulas and it should be in their fingertips.
  • Science is the subject of diagrams and explanations. Therefore, practice neat and properly labeled diagrams. And during the explanation, write down points to explain each and every labeled part.
  • Make notes in points which make it easier to learn the topic at the time of revision.
  • Create a separate list of important formulae and laws.
  • Prepare flow charts at the end of every topic.

Study Material for Class 6

Mathematics
  • Mathematics Text Book for Class 6 (NCERT PUBLICATION)
  • Mathematics for Class 6, by R.S. Aggarwal
  • Mathematics for Class 6, by R.D. Sharma
  • Mathematics Exemplar Problem Class 6 By NCERT
  • Mathematics Exemplar Problem Class 6 By NCERT
  • Mathematics Foundation Course For JEE/IMO/Olympiad - Class 6
Science
  • Science Text Book for Class 6 (NCERT PUBLICATION)
  • Science Exemplar Problem Class 6 by NCERT
  • Living Science Class 6 by Ratna Sagar
  • Basic Science for Class 6 by Bharti Bhawan

Attempt Previous Years’ Papers

Attempting past year papers helps the students to understand the exam pattern and it also enhances their speed, accuracy, and time management skills. Students must try to solve as many previous years question papers, it helps you get to know which question has been asked how many times, along with the marks allotted to that particular question. Moreover, you also get an idea about various ways in which a same question can be asked. It also gives an idea about the required minimum length of the answer.

The Guide to 6th Grades

Competitive exams are like a positive push for students towards their excellence. Below is the list of competitive exams for class 6:

NSO - NATIONAL SCIENCE OLYMPIAD

NSO is a national level science exam conducted by Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF). NSO rankings will be allotted based on the marks obtained. Students of class - I to class - XII are eligible to participate. The study matter followed is based on syllabus as prescribed by CBSE, ICSE or various state boards. NSO is conducted at Level 1 and 2. Level 1 is conducted for all students studying in classes 1 to 12 whereas those students who qualify level 1 exam (from class 3 -12), qualify to sit for the level 2 exam. 

IMO - INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS OLYMPIAD

IMO is a competitive exam conducted to identify and encourage the mathematical creativity of children in schools across India and abroad. Students in class - I to class - XII of recognized schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE and ICSE prescribed curriculum. Top rankers per class are selected and awarded scholarships.

NIMO: National Interactive Maths Olympiad

Eduheal Foundation[EHF] through its flagship programme-National Interactive Maths Olympiad [NIMO], searches for kids who love maths and want to make a career in it. The Exam is open for the students of classes I to XII. It is a Pen Paper OMR based Multiple Choice Question paper based on CBSE, ICSE, State Board syllabus and is conducted in School.

HBBVS–DR.HOMI BABA BAL VAIDYANIK SPARDHA

HBBVS was initiated by Mumbai science teachers association in 1981. The main aim of this exam is to search for science talents in students and to encourage them take interest in science. Only students studying class-VI and class-IX can take up this exam. The exam covers the subjects and topics covered in curriculum up to class VI and class IX. Selection Process involves three stages.
STAGE I: Written test
STAGE II: Practical skill test
FINAL STAGE: Oral test i.e. the interview and submission of action research report.

NSTSE - NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAM

Main focus of NSTSE is encouraging students to reason critically and solve problems. NTSE question papers are scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Students in class - II to class - XII of recognized schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE prescribed curriculum. It involves two levels of selection for awarding scholarship for students.
STAGE I: Selection is done in state or UT based on written exam.
STAGE II: Exam conducted by NCERT at national level.
Every student scoring the required marks is eligible for scholarship program.

MTSE – MATHS TALENT SEARCH EXAM

Maths Talent Search Exam (MTSE) is a competitive exam conducted by Indian Institute for Studies in Mathematics (IISMA). Mental ability, mathematical reasoning, accuracy and speed are the main focus of this examination. Students in class -III to class - IX of recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE and ICSE prescribed curriculum. Top rankers per class are selected and awarded scholarships.

IOS - INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIAD IN SCIENCE

IOS is a science exam held annually in the national and international level. The conducting body for IOS is SSE (Society for Science Education). All Indian Students of class-I to class-XII of recognised schools are eligible. Subjects are more generic and are suitable for CBSE, ICSE and state boards. The selection is done in different stages.
STAGE I: An aptitude type of exam is conducted in school level. And the selected students from each class appear for the second exam.
STAGE II: Students selected in school level appear for state level selection exam.
STAGE III: Students selected in state level appear for national and international level exam.
Toppers are announced based on the stage III performance.

NSEJS- NATIONAL STANDARD EXAM IN JUNIOR SCIENCE

NSEJS is jointly conducted by IAPT (Indian Association of Physics Teachers) and HBCSE (Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Examination). All Indian students of class-I to X are eligible. Subjects are science and generic and suitable for and CBSE and ICSE board students. The selection is first made at the school level. And the qualifying students then are then appeared for the national round.

IIO–INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION OLYMPIAD

IIO is a proficient examination held in computer field. It is conducted by Computer literary foundation every year. Students in class-I to class-XII of recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE, ICSE and State Board prescribed curriculum. The selection is first made at the school level. And the qualifying students then are then appeared for the national and international round.

ASSET–ASSESMENT OF SCHOLASTIC SKILLS THROUGH EDUCATIONAL TESTING

ASSET is an exam conducted by Educational Initiative. Students in class-V to class-VIII of recognised schools are eligible. Rather than testing through multiple-choice questioning, it focuses on measuring how well school students master fundamental concepts. The subjects are based on curriculum prescribed by CBSE, ICSE and State Boards. It is conducted in school level and the toppers are selected and awarded accordingly.

Preparation Tips for Class 6

Most of the Olympiad exams are conducted on a similar syllabus that Kids are studying at school. They do not require additional reference books for the preparation of these exams. However, questions asked in these exams are quite different than what kids face in their school. Questions are designed to be trickier and conceptual. So, students’ concepts about every topic should be clear. Different subjects need different types of preparation. 
Here, we have jot down specific tips to excel in exams:

Mathematics:
  • It is impossible to study maths properly by just reading and listening. The more you practice answering maths problems, the better you become in maths.
  • You need to master the key concepts. Do not try to memorise the steps. Maths is a sequential subject so it’s important to have a firm understanding of the key concepts.
  • Try to apply real-world situations when approaching maths. Maths can be very abstract sometimes so looking for a practical application can help change your perspective and understand ideas differently.
  • Try solving questions related to that topic from the NCERT Book. For more practice, you can also refer to the other books such as RD Sharma but firstly solve the exercise questions of the NCERT textbook which are very conceptual and help you build a strong foundation.
Science:
  • In science, conceptual and formula-based questions are mostly asked in the exam. So, students must be thorough with all the important formulas and it should be in their fingertips.
  • Science is the subject of diagrams and explanations. Therefore, practice neat and properly labeled diagrams. And during the explanation, write down points to explain each and every labeled part.
  • Make notes in points which make it easier to learn the topic at the time of revision.
  • Create a separate list of important formulae and laws.
  • Prepare flow charts at the end of every topic.

Study Material for Class 6

Mathematics
  • Mathematics Text Book for Class 6 (NCERT PUBLICATION)
  • Mathematics for Class 6, by R.S. Aggarwal
  • Mathematics for Class 6, by R.D. Sharma
  • Mathematics Exemplar Problem Class 6 By NCERT
  • Mathematics Exemplar Problem Class 6 By NCERT
  • Mathematics Foundation Course For JEE/IMO/Olympiad - Class 6
Science
  • Science Text Book for Class 6 (NCERT PUBLICATION)
  • Science Exemplar Problem Class 6 by NCERT
  • Living Science Class 6 by Ratna Sagar
  • Basic Science for Class 6 by Bharti Bhawan

Attempt Previous Years’ Papers

Attempting past year papers helps the students to understand the exam pattern and it also enhances their speed, accuracy, and time management skills. Students must try to solve as many previous years question papers, it helps you get to know which question has been asked how many times, along with the marks allotted to that particular question. Moreover, you also get an idea about various ways in which a same question can be asked. It also gives an idea about the required minimum length of the answer.

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