Class 10

Our Interactive Learning Programs Guide Students to Excel in Board as well as Competitive Exams

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CBSE Syllabus for Class 10

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MATH

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SCIENCE

The Guide to 10th Grade

Syllabus for CBSE Class

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Mathematics

Number Systems

  • Real Number

Algebra

  • Polynomials
  • Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
  • Quadratic Equations
  • Arithmetic Progressions 

Coordinate Geometry

  • Coordinate Geometry

Geometry

  • Triangles
  • Circles
  • Constructions

Trigonometry

  • Introduction to Trigonometry
  • Trigonometric Identities
  • Heights and Distances: Angle of elevation, Angle of Depression

Mensuration

  • Areas Related to Circles
  • Surface area and Volumes

Statistics & Probability

  • Statistics
  • Probability
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Science

Chemical Substances - Nature and Behaviour

  • Chemical reactions
  • Acids, bases and salts
  • Metals and nonmetals
  • Carbon compounds
  • Periodic classification of elements

World of Living

  • Life processes
  • Control and co-ordination in animals and plants
  • Reproduction
  • Heredity and Evolution

Natural Phenomena

  • Light – Reflection and Refraction
  • The Human Eye and the Colourful World

Effects of Current

  • Electricity
  • Magnetic effects of current

Natural Resources

  • Sources of energy
  • Our environment
  • Management of natural resources
SCIENCE PRACTICALS

List of Experiments:

1. A. Finding the pH of the following samples by using pH paper/universal indicator: 
(Unit - I)

  • Dilute Hydrochloric Acid
  • Dilute NaOH solution
  • Dilute Ethanoic Acid Solution
  • Lemon juice
  • Water
  • Dilute Hydrogen Carbonate solution

B. Studying the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) by their reaction with:
 (Unit - I)

  • Litmus solution (Blue/Red)
  • Zinc metal
  • Solid sodium carbonate

2. Performing and observing the following reactions and classifying them into: (Unit - I)

  • Combination reaction
  • Decomposition reaction
  • Displacement reaction
  • Double displacement reaction
    • Action of water on quick lime
    • Action of heat on ferrous sulphate crystals 
    • Iron nails kept in copper sulphate solution
    • Reaction between sodium sulphate and barium chloride solutions

3. Observing the action of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the following salt solutions: (Unit - I)

  • ZnSO4 (aq)
  • FeSO4 (aq)
  • CuSO4 (aq)
  • Al2(SO4)3 (aq)

Arranging Zn, Fe, Cu and Al (metals) in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the above result.

4. Studying the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determine its resistance. Also plotting a graph between V and I. (Unit - IV)

5. Determination of the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series and parallel. (Unit - IV)

6. Preparing a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata. (Unit - IV)

7. Experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration. (Unit - II)

8. Study of the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid): (Unit - I)

  • Odour
  • Solubility in water
  • Effect on litmus
  • Reaction with sodium Hydrogen Carbonate

9. Study of the comparative cleaning capacity of a sample of soap in soft and hard water. (Unit - I)

10. Determination of the focal length of: (Unit - III)

  • Concave mirror
  • Convex lens

by obtaining the image of a distant object.

11. Tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence. Measure the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, angle of emergence and interpret the result. (Unit - III)

12. Studying (a) binary fission in Amoeba, and (b) budding in yeast and Hydra with the help of prepared slides. (Unit - II)

13. Tracing the path of the rays of light through a glass prism. (Unit - III)

14. Finding the image distance for varying object distances in case of a convex lens and drawing corresponding ray diagrams to show the nature of image formed. (Unit - III)

15. Identification of the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed (Pea, gram or red kidney bean). (Unit - II)

Exam Pattern and Grading for Class 10

Evaluation of Subjects in Class 10

CBSE Class 10 Board Exam Marking Scheme and Other Details

Generally, the CBSE board exam for class 10 comprises of 5 main subjects which include:

  • Language 1
  • Language 2
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Social Science

The students interested to learn any foreign languages or any other additional subject can opt for the same as an additional subject.

Passing Percentage for Class 10 board exam

All the board exam papers (including the additional subject) will have a total of 80 marks each and a student has to score at least 33% marks to pass the respective papers.

Exam Details

The question in the paper will be only from CBSE class 10 syllabus and CBSE will provide the marks and grades of the individual subjects in the grade card. The exam will be conducted for 3 hours and the MCQ based questions will also be included.

CBSE Class 10 Internal Assessment Details

The internal assessment will comprise of 20 marks. It consists of 3 divisions which include the following points.

1) Periodic Assessment

The periodic assessment is done at regular intervals and it provides feedback of students performance. It helps students to know their strength and weaknesses and thus enable them for better learning. The Periodic Assessment is further divided into:

i) Periodic Test (05 Marks): Total 3 periodic test will be conducted for each subject. Out of which the average of 2 will be taken for final submission. The weightage of this will be 5 marks.

ii) Multiple Assesment (05 Marks): The schools have given the authority to use other modes of assessment depending upon the demand of the subject. This can consist of oral tests, individual or group work, class discussion, field-work, concept maps, graphic organizers, visual representation etc. The weightage of this will be 5 marks.

2) Portfolio

A portfolio represents the student’s work and describes the efforts, progress, growth, achievement in key areas of learning. Some of the elements through which portfolio can be assessed are:

  • Representation of the work: This includes neatness and visual appeal
  • Completion of guided work focused on specific curricular objectives
  • Student’s growth
  • Inclusion of all relevant work (Completeness)

This will consist of a weightage of 5 marks.

3) Subject Enrichment Activities

This comprises of another 5 marks and assesses the practical, project works and language skills of a student. The subject enrichment activity is different for different subjects. For example, for language subject, the listening, speaking skills, vocabulary will be assessed whereas for Maths and Science the practical works will be examined. For a subject like Social Science, some relevant project work will be evaluated.

Grading Scale for Scholastic Areas

The eight-point grading scale for class 10 is given below:

Competitive Examinations for Class 10

Competitive exams are like a positive push for students towards their excellence.
Below is the list of competitive exams for class 10:

NSO - NATIONAL SCIENCE OLYMPIAD

NSO is a national level science exam conducted by Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF). NSO rankings will be allotted based on the marks obtained. Students of class - I to class - XII are eligible to participate. The study matter followed is based on syllabus as prescribed by CBSE, ICSE or various state boards. NSO is conducted at Level 1 and 2. Level 1 is conducted for all students studying in classes 1 to 12 whereas those students who qualify level 1 exam (from class 3 -12), qualify to sit for the level 2 exam. 

IMO - INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS OLYMPIAD

IMO is a competitive exam conducted to identify and encourage the mathematical creativity of children in schools across India and abroad. Students in class - I to class - XII of recognized schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE and ICSE prescribed curriculum. Top rankers per class are selected and awarded scholarships.

NIMO: National Interactive Maths Olympiad

Eduheal Foundation[EHF] through its flagship programme-National Interactive Maths Olympiad [NIMO], searches for kids who love maths and want to make a career in it. The Exam is open for the students of classes I to XII. It is a Pen Paper OMR based Multiple Choice Question paper based on CBSE, ICSE, State Board syllabus and is conducted in School.

NSTSE - NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAM

Main focus of NSTSE is encouraging students to reason critically and solve problems. NTSE question papers are scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Students in class - II to class - XII of recognized schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE prescribed curriculum. It involves two levels of selection for awarding scholarship for students
STAGE I: Selection is done in state or UT based on written exam.
STAGE II: Exam conducted by NCERT at national level.
Every student scoring the required marks is eligible for scholarship program.

MTSE – MATHS TALENT SEARCH EXAM

Maths Talent Search Exam (MTSE) is a competitive exam conducted by Indian Institute for Studies in Mathematics (IISMA). Mental ability, mathematical reasoning, accuracy and speed are the main focus of this examination. Students in class -III to class - IX of recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE and ICSE prescribed curriculum. Top rankers per class are selected and awarded scholarships.

IOS - INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIAD IN SCIENCE

IOS is a science exam held annually in the national and international level. The conducting body for IOS is SSE (Society for Science Education). All Indian Students of class-I to class-XII of recognised schools are eligible. Subjects are more generic and are suitable for CBSE, ICSE and state boards. The selection is done in different stages.
STAGE I: An aptitude type of exam is conducted in school level. And the selected students from each class appear for the second exam.
STAGE II: Students selected in school level appear for state level selection exam.
STAGE III: Students selected in state level appear for national and international level exam.
Toppers are announced based on the stage III performance.

NSEJS- NATIONAL STANDARD EXAM IN JUNIOR SCIENCE

NSEJS is jointly conducted by IAPT (Indian Association of Physics Teachers) and HBCSE (Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Examination). All Indian students of class-I to X are eligible. Subjects are science and generic and suitable for and CBSE and ICSE board students. The selection is first made at the school level. And the qualifying students then are then appeared for the national round.

IIO–INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION OLYMPIAD

IIO is a proficient examination held in computer field. It is conducted by Computer literary foundation every year. Students in class-I to class-XII of recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE, ICSE and State Board prescribed curriculum. The selection is first made at the school level. And the qualifying students then are then appeared for the national and international round.

How to prepare for Class 10

Preparation Tips for Class 6

Most of the Olympiad exams are conducted on a similar syllabus that Kids are studying at school. They do not require additional reference books for the preparation of these exams. However, questions asked in these exams are quite different than what kids face in their school. Questions are designed to be trickier and conceptual. So, students’ concepts about every topic should be clear. Different subjects need different types of preparation. 
Here, we have jot down specific tips to excel in exams:

Mathematics:
  • It is impossible to study maths properly by just reading and listening. The more you practice answering maths problems, the better you become in maths.
  • You need to master the key concepts. Do not try to memorise the steps. Maths is a sequential subject so it’s important to have a firm understanding of the key concepts.
  • Try to apply real-world situations when approaching maths. Maths can be very abstract sometimes so looking for a practical application can help change your perspective and understand ideas differently.
  • Try solving questions related to that topic from the NCERT Book. For more practice, you can also refer to the other books such as RD Sharma but firstly solve the exercise questions of the NCERT textbook which are very conceptual and help you build a strong foundation.
Physics
  • In physics, conceptual and formula-based questions are mostly asked in the exam.
  • Practice both direct formulae and theorem based questions for better preparations.
  • Have a good grip on the fundamental concepts.
  • The topic like Newton’s laws of motion and its applications are important from the exam perspective, so practice previous year questions based on this.
  • Practice numerical on the series and parallel combination of resistances.
  • Practice diagrams like lines of the magnetic field around a solenoid and a bar magnet, electric circuit diagram,  AC and DC generator, image formation by lenses and mirrors, the human eye, glass prism, image formation for both defected and correct vision.
Chemistry
  • Chemistry is a high-scoring part and requires lesser time for preparation.
  • Study reactions and make chart of the formulae and practice them.
  • Learn the tips involved in balancing chemical equations. Also, memorize the applications of acids, bases, and salts in everyday life.
  • Students must know the common names, preparation, chemical formula, and uses of salts and its compounds.
  • Focus on carbon compounds and it’s nomenclature containing functional groups.
  • Understand the Modern periodic table with electronic configuration and memorize all the elements placed in the 1st and last two groups of the Periodic table.
Biology
  • Pay attention to the important diagrams and their theory.
  • The students must practice diagrams like the representation of reflex action, respiratory system, the human brain, different parts of a flower, female and male reproductive organs, etc.
  • Thoroughly prepare Mendel’s experiments and understand the traits Inheritance.
  • It is mostly a theoretical subject so go through the important definitions of each topic.
  • Understand the functions performed by the reproductive organs in humans and the reproduction process in plants.

Study Material for Class 10

Mathematics
  • Mathematics Text Book for Class 10 (NCERT PUBLICATION)
  • Mathematics for Class 10, by R.S. Aggarwal
  • Mathematics for Class 10, by R.D. Sharma
  • Mathematics Exemplar Problem Class 10 By NCERT
Science
  • Science Text Book for Class 10 (NCERT PUBLICATION)
  • Science Exemplar Problem Class 10 by NCERT
  • NCERT - Laboratory Manual
  • Science Class 10 Physics – Lakhmir Singh and Manjit kaur
  • Science Class 10 Chemistry – Lakhmir Singh and Manjit kaur
  • Science Class 10 Biology – Lakhmir Singh and Manjit kaur
  • Practical Skills in Science Class 10 CBSE

Attempt Previous Years’ Papers

Attempting past year papers helps the students to understand the exam pattern and it also enhances their speed, accuracy, and time management skills. Students must try to solve as many previous years question papers, it helps you get to know which question has been asked how many times, along with the marks allotted to that particular question. Moreover, you also get an idea about various ways in which a same question can be asked. It also gives an idea about the required minimum length of the answer.

The Guide to 10th Grades

Competitive exams are like a positive push for students towards their excellence.
Below is the list of competitive exams for class 10:

NSO - NATIONAL SCIENCE OLYMPIAD

NSO is a national level science exam conducted by Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF). NSO rankings will be allotted based on the marks obtained. Students of class - I to class - XII are eligible to participate. The study matter followed is based on syllabus as prescribed by CBSE, ICSE or various state boards. NSO is conducted at Level 1 and 2. Level 1 is conducted for all students studying in classes 1 to 12 whereas those students who qualify level 1 exam (from class 3-12), qualify to sit for the level 2 exam. 

IMO - INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS OLYMPIAD

IMO is a competitive exam conducted to identify and encourage the mathematical creativity of children in schools across India and abroad. Students in class - I to class - XII of recognized schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE and ICSE prescribed curriculum. Top rankers per class are selected and awarded scholarships.

NIMO: National Interactive Maths Olympiad

Eduheal Foundation[EHF] through its flagship programme-National Interactive Maths Olympiad [NIMO], searches for kids who love maths and want to make a career in it. The Exam is open for the students of classes I to XII. It is a Pen Paper OMR based Multiple Choice Question paper based on CBSE, ICSE, State Board syllabus and is conducted in School.

NSTSE - NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAM

Main focus of NSTSE is encouraging students to reason critically and solve problems. NTSE question papers are scientifically designed to test concepts underlying the curriculum. Students in class - II to class - XII of recognized schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE prescribed curriculum. It involves two levels of selection for awarding scholarship for students
STAGE I: Selection is done in state or UT based on written exam.
STAGE II: Exam conducted by NCERT at national level.
Every student scoring the required marks is eligible for scholarship program.

MTSE – MATHS TALENT SEARCH EXAM

Maths Talent Search Exam (MTSE) is a competitive exam conducted by Indian Institute for Studies in Mathematics (IISMA). Mental ability, mathematical reasoning, accuracy and speed are the main focus of this examination. Students in class -III to class - IX of recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE and ICSE prescribed curriculum. Top rankers per class are selected and awarded scholarships.

IOS - INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIAD IN SCIENCE

IOS is a science exam held annually in the national and international level. The conducting body for IOS is SSE (Society for Science Education). All Indian Students of class-I to class-XII of recognised schools are eligible. Subjects are more generic and are suitable for CBSE, ICSE and state boards. The selection is done in different stages.
STAGE I: An aptitude type of exam is conducted in school level. And the selected students from each class appear for the second exam.
STAGE II: Students selected in school level appear for state level selection exam.
STAGE III: Students selected in state level appear for national and international level exam.
Toppers are announced based on the stage III performance.

NSEJS- NATIONAL STANDARD EXAM IN JUNIOR SCIENCE

NSEJS is jointly conducted by IAPT (Indian Association of Physics Teachers) and HBCSE (Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Examination). All Indian students of class-I to X are eligible. Subjects are science and generic and suitable for and CBSE and ICSE board students. The selection is first made at the school level. And the qualifying students then are then appeared for the national round.

IIO–INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION OLYMPIAD

IIO is a proficient examination held in computer field. It is conducted by Computer literary foundation every year. Students in class-I to class-XII of recognised schools are eligible. The subjects and study matter followed is based on CBSE, ICSE and State Board prescribed curriculum. The selection is first made at the school level. And the qualifying students then are then appeared for the national and international round.

Preparation Tips for Class 10

Most of the Olympiad exams are conducted on a similar syllabus that Kids are studying at school. They do not require additional reference books for the preparation of these exams. However, questions asked in these exams are quite different than what kids face in their school. Questions are designed to be trickier and conceptual. So, students’ concepts about every topic should be clear. Different subjects need different types of preparation. 
Here, we have jot down specific tips to excel in exams:

Mathematics:
  • It is impossible to study maths properly by just reading and listening. The more you practice answering maths problems, the better you become in maths.
  • You need to master the key concepts. Do not try to memorise the steps. Maths is a sequential subject so it’s important to have a firm understanding of the key concepts.
  • Try to apply real-world situations when approaching maths. Maths can be very abstract sometimes so looking for a practical application can help change your perspective and understand ideas differently.
  • Try solving questions related to that topic from the NCERT Book. For more practice, you can also refer to the other books such as RD Sharma but firstly solve the exercise questions of the NCERT textbook which are very conceptual and help you build a strong foundation.
Physics
  • In physics, conceptual and formula-based questions are mostly asked in the exam.
  • Practice both direct formulae and theorem based questions for better preparations.
  • Have a good grip on the fundamental concepts.
  • The topic like Newton’s laws of motion and its applications are important from the exam perspective, so practice previous year questions based on this.
  • Practice numerical on the series and parallel combination of resistances.
  • Practice diagrams like lines of the magnetic field around a solenoid and a bar magnet, electric circuit diagram,  AC and DC generator, image formation by lenses and mirrors, the human eye, glass prism, image formation for both defected and correct vision.
Chemistry
  • Chemistry is a high-scoring part and requires lesser time for preparation.
  • Study reactions and make chart of the formulae and practice them.
  • Learn the tips involved in balancing chemical equations. Also, memorize the applications of acids, bases, and salts in everyday life.
  • Students must know the common names, preparation, chemical formula, and uses of salts and its compounds.
  • Focus on carbon compounds and it’s nomenclature containing functional groups.
  • Understand the Modern periodic table with electronic configuration and memorize all the elements placed in the 1st and last two groups of the Periodic table.
Biology
  • Pay attention to the important diagrams and their theory.
  • The students must practice diagrams like the representation of reflex action, respiratory system, the human brain, different parts of a flower, female and male reproductive organs, etc.
  • Thoroughly prepare Mendel’s experiments and understand the traits Inheritance.
  • It is mostly a theoretical subject so go through the important definitions of each topic.
  • Understand the functions performed by the reproductive organs in humans and the reproduction process in plants.

Study Material for Class 10

Mathematics
  • Mathematics Text Book for Class 10 (NCERT PUBLICATION)
  • Mathematics for Class 10, by R.S. Aggarwal
  • Mathematics for Class 10, by R.D. Sharma
  • Mathematics Exemplar Problem Class 10 By NCERT
Science
  • Science Text Book for Class 10 (NCERT PUBLICATION)
  • Science Exemplar Problem Class 10 by NCERT
  • NCERT - Laboratory Manual
  • Science Class 10 Physics – Lakhmir Singh and Manjit kaur
  • Science Class 10 Chemistry – Lakhmir Singh and Manjit kaur
  • Science Class 10 Biology – Lakhmir Singh and Manjit kaur
  • Practical Skills in Science Class 10 CBSE

Attempt Previous Years’ Papers

Attempting past year papers helps the students to understand the exam pattern and it also enhances their speed, accuracy, and time management skills. Students must try to solve as many previous years question papers, it helps you get to know which question has been asked how many times, along with the marks allotted to that particular question. Moreover, you also get an idea about various ways in which a same question can be asked. It also gives an idea about the required minimum length of the answer.

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